Four paths to misperceptions: A panel study on resistance against journalistic evidence.

Autor(en)
Marlis Stubenvoll, Jörg Matthes
Abstrakt

Citizens’ misperceptions on critical issues such as climate change, migration, or health are viewed as a major problem in today’s democratic systems. A large body of literature shows how inaccurate information might lead to misperceptions despite of corrections and retractions. This study highlights individuals’ acts of resistance against journalistic reporting as a driver of misperceptions. Based on the framework of resistance strategies, we examine four processes which enable individuals to arrive at political realities that differ from the facts that are reported in the legacy media: 1) avoidance of the evidence; 2) biased evaluation of journalists’ expert opinion as a form of biased processing; 3) contesting the content and source of evidence; and 4) bolstering attitudes by seeking out like-minded discussions. We apply this theoretical model to explain misperceptions on the political “Ibiza scandal” and misperceptions about climate change policies in Austria. Findings from a two-wave panel study in the Austrian election context (N = 523) suggest that misperceptions stem in part from wrong inferences about journalistic expert opinion. Moreover, individuals that engage in source derogation of legacy media are able to uphold their misperceptions in the face of opposing evidence.

Organisation(en)
Institut für Publizistik- und Kommunikationswissenschaft
Journal
Media Psychology
Band
25
Seiten
318-341
Anzahl der Seiten
24
ISSN
1521-3269
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1080/15213269.2021.1951767
Publikationsdatum
07-2021
Peer-reviewed
Ja
ÖFOS 2012
508007 Kommunikationswissenschaft
Schlagwörter
ASJC Scopus Sachgebiete
Communication, Social Psychology, Applied Psychology
Link zum Portal
https://ucris.univie.ac.at/portal/de/publications/four-paths-to-misperceptions-a-panel-study-on-resistance-against-journalistic-evidence(ef8f4562-42bb-45ea-9122-4ec1752d5d2a).html