Understanding the democratic role of perceived online political micro-targeting: Longitudinal effects on trust in democracy and political interest

Autor(en)
Jörg Matthes, Melanie Hirsch, Marlis Stubenvoll, Alice Binder, Sanne Kruikemeier, Sophie Lecheler, Lukas P. Otto
Abstrakt

With the increasing availability of big digital voter data, there are rising concerns that online political micro-targeting (PMT) may be harmful for democratic societies. However, PMT may also be beneficial to democracy because it targets voters with content that matches with their predispositions, potentially increasing political interest. For both, harmful and beneficial outcomes of PMT, we lack empirical evidence on the side of citizens. In a two-wave panel survey study, we tested the reciprocal relationships over time between perceived online PMT, trust in democracy, and political interest. We found that perceived online PMT leads to a decrease of trust in democracy, but also to an increase in political interest. The effect on political interest was independent from age. No reciprocal effects of trust in democracy and political interest on perceived PMT were observed. Overall, the results suggest that the democratic implications of PMT are more nuanced than previously assumed.

Organisation(en)
Institut für Publizistik- und Kommunikationswissenschaft
Externe Organisation(en)
University of Amsterdam (UvA)
Journal
Journal of Information Technology & Politics
Anzahl der Seiten
14
ISSN
1933-1681
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1080/19331681.2021.2016542
Publikationsdatum
12-2021
Peer-reviewed
Ja
ÖFOS 2012
508007 Kommunikationswissenschaft
Schlagwörter
ASJC Scopus Sachgebiete
Computer Science(all), Sociology and Political Science, Public administration
Link zum Portal
https://ucris.univie.ac.at/portal/de/publications/understanding-the-democratic-role-of-perceived-online-political-microtargeting-longitudinal-effects-on-trust-in-democracy-and-political-interest(e52919cc-7713-425b-97ec-c592577d34d1).html