Party Rules, Party Resources, and the Politics of Parliamentary Democracies

Autor(en)
Thomas Poguntke, Susan E. Scarrow, Paul D. Webb, Ellin H. Allein, Nicholas Aylott, Ingrid van Biezen, Enrico Calossi, Marina Costa Lobo, William P. Cross, Kris Deschouwer, Zsolt Enyedi, Elodie Fabre, David M. Farrell, Anika Gauja, Eugenio Pizzimenti, Petr Kopecký, Ruud Koole, Wolfgang Claudius Müller, Karina Kosiara-Pedersen, Gideon Rahat, Aleks Szczerbiak, Emilie van Haute, Tània Verge
Abstrakt

This article introduces the first findings of the Political Party Database Project, a major survey of party organizations in parliamentary and semi-presidential democracies. The project’s first round of data covers 122 parties in 19 countries. In this article, we describe the scope of the database, then investigate what it tells us about contemporary party organization in these countries, focusing on parties’ resources, structures and internal decision-making. We examine organizational patterns by country and party family, and where possible we make temporal comparisons with older data sets. Our analyses suggest a remarkable coexistence of uniformity and diversity. In terms of the major organizational resources on which parties can draw, such as members, staff and finance, the new evidence largely confirms the continuation of trends identified in previous research: that is, declining membership, but enhanced financial resources and more paid staff. We also find remarkable uniformity regarding the core architecture of party organizations. At the same time, however, we find
substantial variation between countries and party families in terms of their internal processes, with particular regard to how internally democratic they are, and the forms that this democratization takes.

Organisation(en)
Institut für Staatswissenschaft
Externe Organisation(en)
Heinrich-Heine-Universität Düsseldorf, University of Sussex, University of Houston, Unknown External Organisation Unbekannt/undefiniert
Journal
Party Politics
Band
22
Seiten
661-678
Anzahl der Seiten
18
ISSN
1354-0688
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1177/1354068816662493
Publikationsdatum
11-2016
Peer-reviewed
Ja
ÖFOS 2012
506014 Vergleichende Politikwissenschaft
Schlagwörter
ASJC Scopus Sachgebiete
Sociology and Political Science
Link zum Portal
https://ucris.univie.ac.at/portal/de/publications/party-rules-party-resources-and-the-politics-of-parliamentary-democracies(dbf506b5-8982-4b1f-af9b-2cc25e026569).html