Why retractions of numerical misinformation fail: The anchoring effect of inaccurate numbers in the news

Autor(en)
Marlis Stubenvoll, Jörg Matthes
Abstrakt

Numbers can convey critical information about political issues, yet statistics are sometimes cited incorrectly by political actors. Drawing on real-world examples of numerical misinformation, the current study provides a first test of the anchoring bias in the context of news consumption. Anchoring describes how evidently wrong and even irrelevant numbers might change people’s judgments. Results of a survey experiment with a sample of N = 413 citizens indicate that even when individuals see a retraction and distrust the presented misinformation, they stay biased toward the initially seen inaccurate number.

Organisation(en)
Institut für Publizistik- und Kommunikationswissenschaft
Journal
Journalism & Mass Communication Quarterly
Band
99
Seiten
368 – 389
Anzahl der Seiten
22
ISSN
1077-6990
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1177/10776990211021800
Publikationsdatum
06-2021
Peer-reviewed
Ja
ÖFOS 2012
508007 Kommunikationswissenschaft
Schlagwörter
ASJC Scopus Sachgebiete
Communication
Link zum Portal
https://ucris.univie.ac.at/portal/de/publications/why-retractions-of-numerical-misinformation-fail-the-anchoring-effect-of-inaccurate-numbers-in-the-news(0872e188-6701-43fa-92eb-fe141cda41fb).html