Reflective smartphone disengagement: Conceptualization, measurement, and validation.

Author(s)
Jörg Matthes, Kathrin Karsay, Melanie Hirsch, Anja Stevic, Desiree Schmuck
Abstract

The present paper develops a new concept, called Reflective Smartphone Disengagement (RSD), defined as individuals' deliberate efforts to control and restrict smartphone use. Based on the reflective-impulsive model, we examined the RSD concept in four studies, using cross-sectional data of adolescents (Study 1, N = 453, Study 3, N = 760) and adults (Study 4, N = 672), as well as panel data of adults (Study 2, N = 461). In Study 1, findings from exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses supported the one-dimensionality of the RSD scale. In Study 2, we found evidence for high test-retest reliability as well as discriminant validity, and in terms of predictive validity, RSD negatively predicted excessive smartphone use, information overload, and the social availability norm over time. Study 3 demonstrated convergent validity with a negative relationship with trait nomophobia and a positive one with trait self-reflection. Study 4 confirms the structural validity of a shorter version of the scale. We discuss avenues for future research and broader implications of the RSD concept for the field.

Organisation(s)
Department of Communication
External organisation(s)
Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, FWO - Flanders Science Fund
Journal
Computers in Human Behavior
Volume
128
No. of pages
11
ISSN
0747-5632
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2021.107078
Publication date
2021
Peer reviewed
Yes
Austrian Fields of Science 2012
508007 Communication science
Keywords
ASJC Scopus subject areas
Psychology(all), Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous), Human-Computer Interaction
Portal url
https://ucris.univie.ac.at/portal/en/publications/reflective-smartphone-disengagement-conceptualization-measurement-and-validation(e9e6a481-190d-4b2b-97fa-f54ca64d3863).html